Does Hormone Replacement Cause Weight Gain

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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the best form of hormone replacement therapy with the lowest risk for weight gain?
    Due to severe menopausal symptoms, my doctor has placed me on hormone replacement therapy. We decided on a pill that is plant based, Cenestin. However, I have taken Cenestin for 4-months and now noticed a slow weight gain. Can anyone suggest another hormone replacement therapy medication that is not known to cause weight gain?

    • ANSWER:
      I had to take Progyluton for irregular periods, and the info packet said it was for hormone replacement therapy too. And I didn't gain weight while on it.

  2. QUESTION:
    How Can I Lose weight effectively when excercise causes weight gain?
    I am 35 yrs old and have gone thru premature menopuase. As a result I was using HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy - which contains steroids) for 3 1/2 years. This as well as the menopuase has caused me to gain a lot of weight. I was not aware of the steroids and the effects until I came off the drug. I have been trying to exercise to get it off but I have found that exercising causes me to gain weight. I know weight training is supposed to help but will not be able to sign up for a gym until the next couple months (i'm paying for a vehicle). I would certainly appreciate any suggestions that you might have. The weight is affecting my asthma and I need to get rid of it before other complications set in. I am not used to the weight and have been a professional athlete for at least 15 yrs of my life. People cannot belileve how big I've gotten and it's too personal to explain to them why so I just make excuses although a lot of them believe that I've eaten myself to this state.

    • ANSWER:
      One thing to take into consideration is that the exercise maybe actually re-building muscle tone and unfortunately muscle weighs more than fat hence the weight gain.

      A work around for this maybe to take measurements using a tape rather than using scales which can be very disheartening.

      As for athsma perhaps look at swimming (a lot of the worlds best swimmers are Athsmatics who took it up to relieve the symptoms) or simply walking - you want to try and keep your heartrate low in the so called "fat burning" zone, which is the place where you can still talk comfortably, but arent just out for a stroll.

      Just remember that time is on your side - just done expect lightening quick results in your case - slow and steady will win the race. The benefit you have is that with your previous professional athlete status is that you should get fit quick and feel better in quicktime.

      One major hint is to drink lots of water. It will flush the system and the body gets used to having it regularly and as such wont look to retain fluid.

  3. QUESTION:
    I am 24 and recently had a hysterectomy,how can I reduce the hot flahes?
    My doctor offered hormone replacement therapy,but I refused because it can cause cancer.He also offered Birth control cause it also has hormones in it.But I refused it cause it can make you gain weight.I'm looking for some thing natural.

    • ANSWER:
      the hormones, though have been reported to be a catalyst to somes cancers, is not that dangerous, they will monitor you, & to be safe take also the progesterone, if th e dr tells you its needed.

      Soy products are rich in ingrediants for menopausal women. & if you go to Swanson.com , they can really assist you as to what herbs to take & have very reasonable prices.

      Black currant oil ,,or evening primrose oil capsules, & many other things are out there, but get a health expert to help you.

      Meanwhile,carry something you can use as a fan. & Drinking LOTS of ice water helps.

  4. QUESTION:
    How does a hormone imbalance affect a woman's mental health?
    Can an imbalance in woman's hormones cause you to become overly emotional and what role does

    stress factor in on this? What are other symptoms of an imbalance and what rememdy is there

    besides taking hormone replacements?

    • ANSWER:
      There are natural ways to remedy a hormone imbalance. I would look into supplements first, especially a vitamin D complex. Exercise and changes in diet help too.
      An imbalance can make you feel like you're going bonkers. I have had some terrific mood swings and bouts of depression in the past thanks to this...
      I wouldn't rush right to synthetic hormone replacements though. They have side effects. Things like hot flashes, weight gain, increased odds of certain types of cancer. Some can even cause your body to stop producing your own, making you dependent for the rest of your life on the pill.
      So, make sure do your research.
      Seeing an endocrinologist and having tests done is a good idea. That way you know what to look for when you are considering the best way to treat yourself.

  5. QUESTION:
    Does hormone replacement therapy cause weight gain and/or breast growth?
    I may have to go on HRT depending on the results of my estrogen/estrodiol (progesterone was already found to be low) test and am wondering if it causes bodily changes like the aforementioned? Albeit, I could stand to gain a little bit of weight but would rather not have it be as a side-effect of medication. I'm still very young, only 20 years old, and why this happened to me remains a mystery.

    Thanks all.

    • ANSWER:
      Hey, Don't fret too much. If you are seeing a Doc then the the test and that are needed. As for going on HRT, depending on what the other test come back like you can expect to gain a little bit of weight and yes the size of your bust to grow.
      Now normally the doc will not allow you to be on it for that long I would bet they are thinking to put you on it for X amount of months and then slowly take you back off it because of your age, I would guess that they are hoping that it will jump start your own bodies ability to make the right hormones!

  6. QUESTION:
    What do you use as a natural hormone replacement therapy and does it cause weight gain?

    • ANSWER:
      My friend uses a natural progesterone cream made from wild yam. It hasn't caused any weight gain. It's not as strong nor quite as effective as the synthetic prescriptions, but it doesn't have the bad side-effects, either.

  7. QUESTION:
    How common is sex horomone imbalance in women and what are the symptoms?
    Because, I've always had a lot of (mostly minor) problems that are usually associated with sex hormones, I've been wondering for a long time if I might have a sex hormone imbalance. I won't go into the details because I'm not looking for a sample diagnosis, but I want to know more about this topic, so that I can decide if I should get tested or not. What kind of tests should I get to start off, how expensive are they, and will a doctor agree to do the blood tests based on my request alone? Maybe you could show me some websites to look at. I've googled it, but I don't really know what I'm doing.

    • ANSWER:
      Women are often mistakenly informed that various health conditions are caused by an imbalance in female hormones. Although a disruption of the natural rhythm and balance of sex hormones can compromise a woman's health, the underlying cause is likely due to stress.

      When a woman experiences prolonged stress, pregnenolone, a hormone essential for both coping with stress and producing female hormones, is diverted from the normal hormone pathway. As a result, the production of female hormones is compromised. This condition can cause a multitude of symptoms including irritability, mood swings, headaches, sleeplessness, and weight gain.

      Female hormone imbalances are often treated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Although HRT can be temporarily effective at eliminating the symptoms of hormone imbalances, it does not address the probable root cause: stress. Before a woman begins hormone therapy, it is necessary to assess whether her hormones are reacting to factors that are internal or external.

      BioHealth Diagnostics offers an easy-to-use saliva test that can determine whether or not stress is the cause of female hormone imbalance.

      BioHealth also offers comprehensive female hormone testing for both pre- and post-menopausal women. Like the stress test, these laboratory assessments utilize saliva samples, and can be performed in the comfort and privacy of your home.

  8. QUESTION:
    Hyperthyroid medication and Hormone replacement medication?
    I am taking a hormone replacement medication for an old hysterectomy. My doctor told me I have hyperthyroidism and biopsied a nodule on my thyroid recently. I believe it was a hot nodule (the kind that makes excess thyroid hormone). He is talking about putting me on hypothyroid medication to shrink the nodule. My question is: Am I going to gain weight with the combination of medications?

    Any helpful answers are welcome. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      The only thing I can say about the medication is that in like 1% of the people who take it, it causes organ failure & people die from it.
      I opted for the radioactive iodine. I take thyroid replacement daily, but it's relatively safe and doesn't interact with meds.
      If you told your doc about being on HRT, he wouldn't have suggested this med if he thought it would cause problems.

  9. QUESTION:
    What is the best and cheapest product out there for Cellulite?
    I have been excersizing for a year and I try to gain muscle in my legs to get rid of it. I dont have the money to be splurging on things that dont work. Please anyone know of an awesome cellulite product?

    • ANSWER:
      The reason that so many women, even slim women, get cellulite on their hips and thighs, is because the female hormone oestrogen makes women get fat there; and they store more of their fat just under the skin's surface, whereas men store some of their fat internally, underneath muscles. After menopause, women deposit more fat on the upper parts of their bodies, but this can be reversed by hormone replacement therapy (HRT). As women grow older, surface skin becomes thinner and less elastic, and the dimpling becomes more exaggerated. Therefore cellulite is a natural characteristic of the female body. It may be upsetting for women who have it, but it does not cause physical harm. Dimpling is made worse by sunbathing because excessive exposure to sunlight is known to cause the skin to lose its elasticity. Injections, liposuction and electrical treatment do not have a long term effect but massage is supposed to help.
      Doctors believe that the best ways to improve the appearance of cellulite are regular exercise, walking, swimming, cycling, dancing; going on a low-fat diet that includes plenty of fruit and vegetables; cutting down on fatty foods such as meat, dairy products, ice cream, hot chips, biscuits, chips, cakes, tea, coffee and alcohol. Rapid weight loss can make the problem worse so it is recommended that weight loss is done slowly.

  10. QUESTION:
    What would cause sudden unexplained (substantial) weight gain, especially around the belly?
    No change in diet/exercise. Chronic diarreah, as well. Have seen doctor and he cannot figure out the cause.

    • ANSWER:
      This can be from Celiac or hypothyroidism - underactive thyroid.
      You should see your doctor and ask for the following blood tests: TSH, FT4, FT3 and most importantly anti-thyroid antibodies.
      Only they can reveal if you have a problem with your thyroid, like Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
      Normal TSH is 0.3-3. (Some doctors still use the out-dated reference range of 0.5-5.5)
      Some doctors are very misinformed and not knowledgeable about thyroid conditions.

      See the symptoms below:
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypothyroidism/ds00353/dsection=symptoms
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hashimotos-disease/DS00567/DSECTION=symptoms
      http://www.stopthethyroidmadness.com

      Treatment includes thyroid hormone replacement, such as Synthroid or natural Armour.

  11. QUESTION:
    What can having too much testosterone do to your periods?
    I have been told by doctors that I have too much testosterone and now have picked up a lot of weight and have missed my periods for the last 4-5 months.
    no, I'm not taking testosterone. When I was younger it was almost like I had a thin beard on my face. The doctors ran tests and said that I had too much testosterone.

    • ANSWER:
      If you were tested and the doctor has told you your body has too much testosterone, which we all have even women have testosterone just not as much as men, didn't he want you to go on any medication to balance out your hormones?

      I wonder if you could do it with something from the health food store because of all the bad press on hormone replacement meds causing some cancers in women?

      Go back to your doctor and get the blood work that gave him that information. Have him show you the number. To the right of that number it will tell you the max and minimum it should be. See how far off you are.

      Ask questions! Ask your doctor what he thinks you should do. He will not say to go to the health food store. But go there and see if they have any natural hormone replacement you can take. Try that first for 3 months at least and see if it helps.

      Ask your doctor if this hormone problem you have will rectify its self on its own? If he says yes, I would still go to the health food store and get something because I would think it is not healthy for you to not have your periods at your age and growing hair is not what you want and gaining weight, no no. You don't want that either.

      Good luck.

  12. QUESTION:
    Can the wrong doseage of Thyrox for hypothyroidism lead to hyperthyroidism?
    My mum had recently realised she has been double dosing accidently on Thyrox, she feels fine and at a recent check up (no blood test) everything was okay but is there a chance she could now have slight hyperthyroidism as she has lost a lot of weight.
    Also, she is only on it temporarily and used to have a very low heart rate which has increased, will it go back down when she comes off it?
    Thanks
    **Sorry its Eltroxin not Thyrox!

    • ANSWER:
      yes. too much of thyroid replacement hormones can cause hyperthyroidism. you would know if it hyperthyroidism if your mum have an
      INCREASE bp. pulse, temp, respiration, heat intolerance, sweating and increase appetite w/c can cause weight loss. yes weight loss not weight gain.

  13. QUESTION:
    Does the birth control pill Loestrinfe cause weight gain?
    Anyone with that experience? Please share any thoughts you may have on the pill and whether you have had a negative or positive experience. I received a prescription from my doctor to try it but want to receive more feedback from people that are actually on it or took it before. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Here are a few of links if you'd like to learn more about the big announcement about Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) causing breast cancer. Note that breast cancer rates originally started increasing rapidly when birth control pills and now other forms of hormonal birth control also began to be widely used. Hormonal birth control methods contain estrogen and progestin, hormones that are the most widely used in HRT. This is true for The Pill, The mini-pill, The Patch, some types of IUDs, and Nuva Ring, Shots, and Rods under the skin. Levels in HRT, which have already been shown to cause breast cancer, are actually lower than that in hormonal birth control methods, on top of the fact that hormonal birth control methods are used by young healthy women with naturally occurring hormones in already normal levels. How long will we have to wait before the medical community admits to women that hormonal birth control methods are just as dangerous as HRT? I have a feeling that it will be much longer, as hormonal birth control is considered to be the "holy grail" of "women's reproductive freedom". Never mind that women are dying of breast cancer at alarmingly increasing rates since 1974 when BC pills began to be more widely used. Thirty years later, we are reaping the "benefits" of artificial hormones that are used to suppress the natural processes of the female body.

      Just like menopause, the female bodily functions of ovulation and pregnancy ARE NOT ILLNESSES. Medications should only be taken when it's absolutely necessary to prevent or cure ILLNESS, and then ONLY if the benefit outweighs the risks.

      If you must practice birth control, abstinence or a condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, with plenty of spermicide, when used correctly is STATISTICALLY JUST AS EFFECTIVE as hormonal birth control. Condoms also decrease your chances of contracting an STD and they don't work by preventing implantation of a fertilized egg, like hormonal birth control does. If you are pro-life and believe that life begins at conception, this last point should be of particular interest to you. Abortifacient types of birth control also include non-hormonal types of IUDs, which work exclusively by preventing implantation of a fertilized egg. Even if you DON’T have any moral objection to this, at least stop using hormonal birth control for the sake of your health!

      A + B = C

      How many more "news flash: drug causes bad side effects" announcements before we realize that the body does NOT need drugs, except in dire circumstances. Let's leave our bodies alone and live healthy lifestyles, and our bodies will take care of the rest!

      HOW HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY AND HORMONAL BIRTH CONTROL METHODS HAVE NOW DEFINITELY BEEN SHOWN TO CAUSE CANCER
      http://healthlink.mcw.edu/article/1025191125.html
      http://www.cnn.com/2006/HEALTH/12/15/gupta.breast.cancer/
      HOW SOME TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL CAN CAUSE ABORTION WITHOUT YOUR KNOWLEDGE
      http://abort73.com/HTML/II-D-2-types.html
      THE PSYCHOLOGY OF BIRTH CONTROL AND HOW IT IS ANTI-WOMAN
      http://www.the-edith-stein-foundation.com/articles.asp?col=2

  14. QUESTION:
    How to treat and what is Hyperthyroidism?
    .I was wondering what can happen if I don't get this treated? I've had it for a long time. It runs in my family.
    My conditions are that I never gain weight, I eat all the time, my heart beats faster when I'm sitting down. I'm also underweight.
    Are there anyone out there that has this treated or have this? What can I do to get it treated?
    Also what is it?
    Thanks for all you answers.

    • ANSWER:
      Definition

      Hyperthyroidism is a condition caused by an overactive thyroid gland. The gland makes too much T4 and T3 hormones. Hormones are substances that affect and control many important functions in the body.

      Alternative Names
      Thyrotoxicosis; Overactive thyroid

      Causes, incidence, and risk factors

      The thyroid gland is located in the neck. It produces several hormones which control the way that every cell in the body uses energy (metabolism). The thyroid is part of the endocrine system.

      Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis occurs when the thyroid releases too many of its hormones over a short (acute) or long (chronic) period of time. Many diseases and conditions can cause this problem, including:

      Graves disease
      Non-cancerous growths of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland
      Tumors of the testes or ovaries
      Inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the thyroid due to viral infections or other causes
      Ingestion (taking in through the mouth, such as in eating) of large amounts of thyroid hormone
      Ingestion of excessive iodineGraves disease accounts for 85% of all cases of hyperthyroidism.

      Related topics:

      Painless (silent thyroiditis
      Factitious hyperthyroidism
      Hypothyroidism
      Graves disease

      Symptoms

      Weight loss
      Increased appetite
      Nervousness
      Restlessness
      Heat intolerance
      Increased sweating
      Fatigue
      Frequent bowel movements
      Menstrual irregularities in women
      Goiter (visibly enlarged thyroid) may be present
      Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
      Weakness
      Sleeping difficulty
      Clammy skin
      Skin blushing or flushing
      Bounding pulse
      Nausea and vomiting
      Lack of menstruation
      Itching - overall
      Heartbeat sensations
      Hand tremor
      Hair loss
      Diarrhea
      Breast development in men
      High blood pressure
      Protruding eyes (exophthalmos)

      Signs and tests

      Physical examination may reveal thyroid enlargement or goiter. Vital signs (temperature, pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure) show increased heart rate. Systolic blood pressure (the first number in a blood pressure reading) may be high.

      Laboratory tests that evaluate thyroid function:

      Serum TSH is usually low
      T3 and free T4 are usually high
      This disease may also alter the results of the following tests:
      Vitamin B-12
      TSI
      Triglycerides
      RT3U
      Radioactive iodine uptake
      Glucose test
      Cholesterol test
      Antithyroglobulin antibody

      Treatment

      Treatment varies depending on the cause of the condition and the severity of symptoms. Hyperthyroidism is usually treated with antithyroid medications, radioactive iodine (which destroys the thyroid and stops the excess production of hormones), or surgery to remove the thyroid.

      If the thyroid must be removed with radiation or surgery, replacement thyroid hormones must be taken for the rest of the person's life.

      Beta-blockers like propranolol are used to treat some of the symptoms including rapid heart rate, sweating, and anxiety until the hyperthyroidism can be controlled.

      Expectations (prognosis)

      Hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease is usually progressive and has many associated complications, some of which are severe and affect quality of life.

      These include complications caused by treatment such as use of radioactive iodine, surgery, and medications to replace thyroid hormones. However, hyperthyroidism is generally treatable and rarely fatal.

      Complications

      Heart-related complications include rapid heart rate, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

      Thyroid crisis or storm is an acute worsening of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism that may occur with infection or stress. Fever, decreased mental alertness, and abdominal pain may occur, and immediate hospitalization is needed.

      Hyperthyroidism increases the risk for osteoporosis.
      There may be complications related to surgery, including visible scarring of the neck, hoarseness due to nerve damage to the voice box, and a low calcium level because of damage to the parathyroid glands.

      Complications may be related to replacement of thyroid hormones. If too little hormone is given, symptoms of under-active thyroid can occur including fatigue, increased cholesterol levels, mild weight gain, depression, and slowing of mental and physical activity. If too much hormone is given, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism will come back.

      Calling your health care provider

      Call your health care provider if you have symptoms which could be caused by excessive thyroid hormone production. If the symptoms are associated with a rapid, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, or change in consciousness, go to the emergency room or call the local emergency number (such as 911).

      Call your health care provider if treatment for hyperthyroidism induces symptoms of under-active thyroid, including mental and physical sluggishness, weight gain, and depression.

      Prevention

      There are no general prevention measures to prevent hyperthyroidism.

  15. QUESTION:
    I have higher then normal levels of Testosterone, would it be unhealthy to take hormone replacements?
    I've been trying to conceive for about 3 years now.
    I've had 2 miscarriages.

    I'm 120 pounds and 5'9.
    I'm extremely skinny and can't gain weight no matter what I do.

    I was thinking about getting replacement hormones but I heard this is unhealthy...is this true?
    Is there anything else I can do that is safe?

    And if I do this, will I be able to gain weight and/or have children?

    Thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      If you take hormone replacement, then you won't be able to get pregnant while you are taking them. And if you want to take hormones, you could just take birth control pills. Same hormones as menopausal women take, just different combinations and different forms, slightly. You can see if it will help you to gain weight, I'm not sure that it will or won't. Do you know why you have had the miscarriages? A common cause of miscarriages is low progesterone. So sometimes, women who keep having miscarriages take supplemental progesterone. Also, docs have been investigating the role of DHEA supplementation in fertility. Women seem to become more fertile when taking it. DHEA is converted by the body into estrogen and testosterone. Also: if you use birth control pills, it will likely lower your tesstosterone levels. But these are all just random hormone facts I'm giving you. What you should be doing is going to a reproductive endocrinologist, who will be able to better evaluate your particular case.

  16. QUESTION:
    How to get rid of lower belly fat?
    Out of nowhere my stomach started to bloat quicker and now it looks like a little pooch is forming under my belly button. What causes this? I've always been skinny but now my lower stomach isn't as flat.. What happened? I've been running 2-4 miles everyday and I've tried Pilates on and off a few times.. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      IBS, weight gain and many more conditions can all come from hypothyroidism.
      You should see your doctor and ask for the following blood tests: TSH, FT4, FT3 and most importantly anti-thyroid antibodies.
      Only they can reveal if you have a problem with your thyroid, like Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
      Normal TSH is 0.3-3. (Some doctors still use the out-dated reference range of 0.5-5.5)
      Some doctors are very misinformed and not knowledgeable about thyroid conditions.
      See the symptoms below:
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypothyroidism/ds00353/dsection=symptoms
      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hashimotos-disease/DS00567/DSECTION=symptoms
      http://www.stopthethyroidmadness.com

      Treatment includes thyroid hormone replacement, such as Synthroid or natural Armour.

      This can also be caused by the liver, so try to eat healthy food: fruits, vegetables, nuts, drink 2 liters of water. Avoid hydrogenated and trans fats and sugars.

  17. QUESTION:
    Will I go through early menopause if I get one ovary removed?
    I recently found out that I have a huge ovarian cyst on my left side and that I am going to need surgery ASAP! My gynecologist wants to remove the whole ovary because there is a very small chance that it could be malignant. Is there any possibility that it would cause me to go into early menopause if I keep the right ovary?

    • ANSWER:
      Dear Jesus_is.., So sorry for your Medical condition and hope you will feel better soon. that said as to your question Your doctor may conduct an ovary removal, or oophorectomy, as part of a hysterectomy or if you have an abnormal growth. This surgery is often performed by laparoscopy so you can go home the same day or the following day.An oophorectomy is the removal of one or both your ovaries (female reproductive structure responsible for producing eggs and generating hormones). When one ovary is removed, the procedure is called a unilateral oophorectomy, and when both ovaries...Surgical menopause is the removal of a woman's ovaries during surgery. Only the ovaries may be removed, or the woman may have a partial or total hysterectomy. Removing the uterus and fallopian tubes will not cause surgical menopause, only the...If only one ovary is removed, the woman will not go through surgical menopause because there is still another ovary producing hormones.Know Who Needs Surgical Menopause, Women who have ovarian cancer may have their ovaries removed during surgery. Women who suffer from painful fibroid tumors may also opt to have the ovaries surgically removed. Some women who are genetically predisposed to breast and ovarian cancer opt to have their ovaries removed, especially if their sisters or mother have developed breast or ovarian cancer. Mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene have a high risk for breast or ovarian cancer. If there is a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer, get genetic testing to find out if you have the mutation.All surgeries have risks that are serious considerations for you. Excessive blood loss, infection and complications from anesthesia are just some of the risks of all surgery. Other complications for removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy) include unintentional injury to other internal organs during surgery and intestinal blockages.Predicting Hot Flashes, Yes! You will have all the symptoms of natural menopause after surgery to remove the ovaries. You may experience one or all of these symptoms immediately after surgery including hot flashes, mood swings, difficulty sleeping, night sweats, vaginal dryness, diminished sex drive and fatigue, unless you start on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) right away. HRT can be in the form of a pill, gel or a patch prescribed in the lowest possible dosage,Understand Hormone Replacement Therapy ,Estrogen Therapy alone does increase the risk of uterine cancer, so most women are given a combination of estrogen and progestin, called Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) or Hormone Therapy. If you've had a total hysterectomy and the uterus has been removed, you no longer have to worry about uterine cancer. Progestin protects the uterus from cancer, which is why it's combined with estrogen to provide protection against cancer in HRT. Most doctors agree that women should remain on HRT for no more than 5 years. Side effects of HRT can include headaches and breast pain. Some women temporarily gain water weight. More serious side effects of HRT include bleeding, cancer, stroke, heart disease, pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis. Go for regular check ups while you're on HRT, and contact your doctor if you experience any unusual side effects. I hope all these information helped you with more knowledge which will take you from Zero to hero. Good luck best wishes hope you get better soon. Sorry for your problems but you will get better dear hope for the best.

  18. QUESTION:
    Can a person with type 1 diabetes have insulin resistance?
    I have been a type 1 diabetic for 40 years.The last 6 months I have gained 60 pounds.I have not changed my diet.I am a 43 year old male. Whats wrong?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes. This can happen. If some with Type 1 diabetes has a family history of Type 2 diabetes as well, and they are injecting large amounts of insulin for long periods of time, they are at risk for "double diabetes", which is basically Type 1 AND Type 2 diabetes, or Type 1 with insulin resistance.

      A Type 1 diabetic who becomes overweight due to lifestyle can also develop "double diabetes". This is why it's important for *everyone* to follow a healthy diet the majority of the time.

      That said, I am more concerned that you have developed autoimmune thyroid disease. Your risk is much higher because you have another autoimmune disease, Type 1 diabetes. This can cause rapid and severe weight gain that will not respond to lifestyle changes. You will need thyroid replacement hormone. Severely low thyroid hormone is a medical emergency, so please see your doctor for a test to rule it out.

      There are also other causes for rapid weight gain, including some medications.

      If you have gained 60 pounds in 6 months, I would see your doctor for a full physical ASAP.

      If you do have insulin resistance, your doctor may add a Type 2 diabetes oral medication to your insulin routine.

  19. QUESTION:
    Should I not be eating veggies and eat little protein to enter ketosis?
    Should I not be eating too much veggies and protein and much more fat to enter ketosis? I've been eating veggies and protein and very little fat and less than 20g of carbs per day past week to lose lower belly fat, and I want to enter ketosis. But I've been looking around, and everywhere it says fats are the most that I should be eating and little protein and no veggies. I'm scared of eating too much fat in case I never achieve ketosis and I gained weight for no reason. I found out coconut oil is one good choice for fat, are there any others that I should do?

    • ANSWER:
      To keep your body from catabolizing it's own lean tissues for nutrition, you need to eat adequate calories about 2500 daily on average for a male.

      If you are eating 20g carbs (80 calories) & 100g protein (400 calories) that leaves 2020 calories daily needed from the only other source for energy - dietary fats.

      Studies have shown that some people can gain fat stores even on a semi starvation diet of 1000 calories a day - if it's composition is high carb, low fat. So obviously, calories aren't the key to fat loss.

      There is NO evidence to substantiate the calorie theory. It may sound logical, but the body is built for survival & does not follow logical mathematical equations.

      Gary Taubes spent 7 years going over all the studies on nutrition, which is the basis of his recent book "Good calories, Bad calories"

      He makes a case based on substantiated scientific studies that -

      > Obesity is a disorder of excess fat accumulation, not overeating & not sedentary behaviour.

      > Consuming excess calories does not cause us to grow fatter, any more than it causes a child to grow taller.

      It's been impossible to study high calorie low carb, since protein is fairly self regulating and low carb creates a natural appetite suppression. The highest study I've found is 2600 calories. In one discussion group, the calorie theory was under discussion & one lean fellow experimented on himself & added an extra 2000 calories a day to his normal maintenance level of 2500 calories for a total of 4500 calories a day - an extra 14,000 calories in a week - which according to the calorie theory should add 4# but he lost 1#

      Fat won't make you fat (but a low fat, high carb diet can). Fat is essential to good health. (not including transfats) & supports a strong immune system & helps hormones to function properly. Fat tempers the devastating health effects of carbohydrates. Fat is needed to make the vitamins & minerals in your foods (like calcium & vit.D in milk or alpha and beta carotene and lycopene in vegs) bioavailable so they can be incorporated into the body structure. Most people do better with a higher level of fat than with less, even if the body is being fueled by carbs & not fat.

      The body can not release body fat stores until the bloodstream is clear of insulin. Carbs greater than 9grams per hour trigger insulin. Insulin is the only fat storage hormone.

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet is the only means to reduce the levels of lipoprotein (a) — that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50 percent of the fats in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from toxic insults & even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100 percent saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially cause respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Most of the fatty acids in the brain are saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, & palm oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism. Without the correct signals to tell the organs & glands what to do, the job gets done improperly.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy viruses, bacteria, & fungi & have potent germ-killing ability. We need them to keep the immune system vigilant against cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

      http://www.lewrockwell.com/miller/miller33.1.html

      Plaque build up in the arteries is more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque & glycation - the precursors to a heart attack & heart disease.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

  20. QUESTION:
    How does some medication cause weight gain?
    Is it just increased appetite and more eating?

    • ANSWER:
      Certain prescription drugs used to treat mood disorders, seizures, migraines, diabetes, and even high blood pressure can cause weight gain - sometimes 10 pounds a month. Some steroids, hormone replacement therapy, and oral contraceptives can also cause unwanted pounds to creep up on you.

      "And in some cases, it is unrelated to the action of the drug itself," she adds. "For example, if an antidepressant makes people feel better, their appetite may be restored and they eat more."

  21. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know a drug for women similar to salt peter for males?
    I mean its not fair, we get older, we get hormone fluxuations, and I like to get drunk on occasion, I dont want to be an aging beer slut. Is there anything for women to take?

    • ANSWER:
      Sex Rx for Women

      If you're a woman with a low sex drive, you're probably asking, "Where's my pill?" The short answer is, don't hold your breath—but don't give up hope, either. The most promising treatments:

      >Viagra The Viagra-for-women idea isn't new: Irwin Goldstein, M.D., director of the Institute for Sexual Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, found it enhanced clitoral blood flow in rabbits way back in 1998. More recently, a study in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology found that women treated with Viagra for four weeks reported marked improvement in arousal, orgasm, and sexual enjoyment (side effects were similar to those reported in men). So why aren't women hoarding their partners' pills?

      "Drugs for erectile dysfunction work well for many men because they typically want to have sex but can't," Goldstein explains. "For women there's often a different problem: In many cases what's missing is the desire." A woman's sexuality is more complicated than a man's—big surprise there—which means that boosting desire may require something other than improving circulation. For women, Viagra will likely have a better success rate for lubrication problems than libido problems, since these are less about blood flow and more about hormones and psychology.

      >Estrogen Therapy It's well known that estrogen shortages can lower libido and trigger such problems as vaginal dryness. Events such as childbirth, hysterectomy, and menopause can all cause imbalances, but so can drugs like antidepressants and, ironically, birth control pills. If eliminating problematic prescriptions doesn't correct estrogen imbalances, a woman may need estrogen replacement. For women who've been rattled by the recent controversy over estrogen pills and patches, alternatives include locally applied creams like Premarin and Estrace, and vaginally inserted drugs like Estring and Vagifem.

      >Androgen Therapy Estrogen imbalance isn't even half the problem, explains Goldstein. "There are 10 sex steroids in all, and only three are estrogens; the other seven are androgens, which most people think of as the male sex hormones. We're finding that three out of four women who see us for lack of desire have serious androgen shortages."

      Therapy typically focuses on upping female levels of testosterone. For women, topical formulations are the most common delivery method. Creams have been marketed for men for years, but gels such as Testim and AndroGel get top marks from Goldstein. The big reason: They're more effective and much easier to use. Androgens are also available in pill form—one product, Estratest, combines a type of testosterone with estrogen—but the most exciting news may be the buzz about dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a chemical cousin of estrogen and testosterone. Goldstein's research has found that women who take DHEA show substantial improvements in their self-evaluated sexual performance—though he's quick to warn that women shouldn't take it on their own. "It's sold as a supplement, but DHEA is a drug, and we don't totally understand it yet," explains Goldstein. While side effects of topical and oral testosterone therapy can include weight gain, clitoral enlargement, and unwanted hair growth, DHEA use has been linked to even scarier problems including birth defects and cancer.

      >Talking Cure A wide range of psychological factors, including depression, anxiety, a history of physical and emotional abuse, and an array of interpersonal relationship problems, can drain a woman's interest in sex. "While we never want to say that problems with sex are all in someone's head, the psychological factors are undeniable and may even be more profound in women than they are in men," says Goldstein. That's the reason all of his patients consult with a psychologist as well as a physician—and why anyone who's not enjoying sex should, too.

      >Bottom Line Women may eventually have as many drugs to choose from as their pill-popping partners. But before there's a cure, there has to be research. Think of it as pharmaceutical foreplay. "The really effective medications for men were developed once we understood the physiology of male erections," explains Goldstein. "We won't have a similar answer for women until we have that same understanding of female physiology."

      Melissa Gotthardt is a regular contributor to AARP The Magazine.

  22. QUESTION:
    Is there a link between taking mulitple Plan Bs on different occasions and infertility?
    I've taken 2 in my life and I heard from a friend that every one you take decreases your ability to have children by a certain number. Don't judge me on it, I'm on birth control now and I'm now always responsible. I was just wondering if this is true.

    • ANSWER:
      I think it's very important for women to know the truth about Plan B, how it works and what it really does, as well as what the long-term consequences are. How this pill ever made it to the shelves is beyond me and always will be. It is the very worst thing a woman could ever put in her body. It is a terrible form of exploitation of women.

      Yes, Plan B contains the hormones found in regular pills, but Plan B is the equivalent of 50 of those pills. If you want to know just how bad 50 of these pills are, you would first have to know how harmful these regular pills are in the first place. It is mind-staggering to think that something this harmful can be given to women with little to no information about the consequences. This page is a mere sampling; there is so much more information out there if women would only look:

      http://www.jeffreywarber.com/hc%20pages/pillsideeffects.html

      This site http://www.morningafterpill.org/is-emergency-contraception-saf.html will tell you exactly how Plan B works and what the possible consequences are, particularly this:

      "The dose of estrogen in the current birth control pill, which is erroneously billed as 'safe', has potency four times greater than that of the estrogen used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT). HRT has been conclusively shown to increase the risk of stroke (41%), pulmonary embolism (113%), breast cancer (26%), and coronary heart disease (29%)."

      I think that last part is worth reading again and again for any woman who is not aware. It actually makes me mad that women are not given this information. The main reason this information is not given is simple: Plan B costs about and many girls and women use it like candy, so it is big, big money...as is the regular pill.

      All forms of hormonal contraception contain large, destructive amounts of artificial steroidal hormones that seriously interfere with the natural balance of a woman's reproductive system. Yes, infertility is definitely one of the consequences. Women who use the pill long-term are much more likely to be infertile (sometimes for two years or so, sometimes longer) than women who let their bodies be.

      Think of it this way: if any of your hormones are off even slightly, it can cause major problems in your life. For instance, your thyroid: if it is messed with at all, either accidentally through some medications or naturally through some condition, your whole body suffers. You can have weight loss/weight gain, the inability to regulate your temperature, anxiety, dry throat, dizziness, sweats, chills, depression, you name it. A minor change in how your blood sugar is regulated can cause alarming side effects. The very same thing is true of the hormones that regulate your reproductive system. When you mess with these delicate and very sensitive hormones, especially by introducing massive doses of artificial hormones into your system, you are asking for trouble.

      I've answered you this way because you asked. Yes, infertility is a possible side effect. I hope you don't consider it "judging" you if I am trying to share extremely important information with you for your own sake. I am trying to help you. It is always best to leave your body as it was intended to be and let nature take its course. You are hurting yourself by using the pill. There are other ways to view sexuality and childbearing, ways that do not interfere with your body in any way and help you to be happier in the long run: http://www.chastity.com/node/21 http://www.woomb.org/bom/lit/teach/index.html

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the chemical reactions involved in the body after taking Eltroxin tablet?
    For last 30 years I have been taking Eltroxin (100 mg) 1.5 tabs daily for my thyroid Problem.I want to know the reactions going on inside my body and if it is leaving any lasting effect.
    Actually I wanted to know the molecular reaction with the medicine inside the body. Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      How does it work?
      Eltroxin tablets contain the active ingredient levothyroxine sodium (previously known simply as thyroxine sodium in the UK). (NB. Levothyroxine is also available without a brand name, ie as the generic medicine.) Levothyroxine is the same as the hormone thyroxine, which is produced naturally by the thyroid gland.
      The thyroid gland produces and releases two thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). Tri-iodothyronine is the more active thyroid hormone, and thyroxine is converted into T3 in various parts of the body. These hormones are responsible for maintaining a normal rate of metabolism in the body.
      When the thyroid gland is unable to produce normal amounts of thyroxine, the level of both thyroid hormones in the blood decreases (hypothyroidism). This results in a reduced rate of metabolism, leading to symptoms such as weight gain, intolerance to cold and tiredness.
      Levothyroxine tablets are given to replace the thyroxine that would normally be produced naturally by the thyroid gland. This returns levels of T3 and T4 to normal.
      Once the thyroid gland becomes unable to produce thyroxine, it will generally not return to normal function. This means that once thyroxine replacement is started, it usually needs to be taken for the rest of a person’s life.
      The daily dose should preferably be taken before breakfast.
      What is it used for?
      Underproduction of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
      Warning!
      You will need to have regular blood tests to monitor your levels of thyroid hormones while taking this medicine. This will enable your doctor to prescribe you the correct dose to increase levels of your thyroid hormones into the normal range.
      Certain medicines can interfere with blood tests that you have to determine your thyroid hormone levels (thyroid function tests). It is important to inform your doctor of all the medicines you are taking prior to and at the time of blood tests.
      Use with caution in
      Elderly people.
      Heart disease such as angina, heart failure, irregular heartbeats, or history of heart attack.
      Any condition causing decreased function of the adrenal glands.
      Decreased production of all hormones by the pituitary gland (panhypopituitarism).
      Diabetes mellitus.
      Rare disease where there is a problem with the kidneys that causes large amounts of dilute urine to be produced (diabetes insipidus).
      Not to be used in
      Overproduction of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland (thyrotoxicosis).
      This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
      Pregnancy and breastfeeding
      Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine.
      Levothyroxine can be taken during pregnancy. However, it is important that pregnant women have regular blood tests to monitor their levels of thyroid hormones during the pregnancy. Thyroid hormones can cross the placenta and excessive levels can be harmful to the developing baby, so it is important to ensure that you are taking the correct dose. Most women whose thyroid hormone levels are in the normal range when they fall pregnant will not need any dose adjustments of their levothyroxine. Seek medical advice from your doctor.
      Thyroid hormones pass into breast milk, but in amounts that are too small to affect the nursing baby, or to affect tests for neonatal hypothyroidism. It is safe for women taking this medicine to breastfeed their babies. Seek further medical advice from your doctor.
      Side effects
      Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.
      Side effects caused by levothyroxine usually only occur if your dose is too high. For this reason, you should tell your doctor if you get any of the following side effects:
      chest pain (angina)
      awareness of your heart beat (heart palpitations)
      abnormal heart beats (arrhythmias)
      faster than normal heart beat (tachycardia)
      muscle cramps
      diarrhoea
      vomiting
      shaking, usually of the hands (tremor)
      restlessness
      excitability
      difficulty in sleeping (insomnia)
      headache
      flushing
      sweating
      fever
      intolerance to heat
      muscle weakness
      weight loss.
      The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the medicine's manufacturer.For more information about any other po

  24. QUESTION:
    How do you loose water weight?
    I always hear people say you loose water weight before you loose real weight and stuff like that. How do you loose water weight?

    • ANSWER:
      This article shows 7 steps that you can do to lose water weight :)

      http://www.ehow.com/how_2060389_lose-water-weight.html?ref=fuel

      "Step 1:
      Ask your doctor to see if there are different prescriptions for what you may be taking that are causing you to gain extra water weight. Medicines such as steroids or estrogen replacement hormones can cause water retention.

      Step 2:
      Drink lots of water. Water is the best diuretic you can give your body and it's all natural. If you are not drinking enough water during the course of the day, your body will go into survival mode and retain every drop it can, which will cause you to bloat.

      Step 3:
      Limit your salt intake. High sodium amounts in the diet cause you to retain water. Check the nutrition label for the sodium content of your food. Purchase low sodium products.

      Step 4:
      Consider the use of herbs to flush water from your body, which are gentler than prescription or over the counter chemical diuretics.

      Step 5:
      Eat a well balanced diet. Not getting enough protein in your diet can cause your body to retain water and potassium in fruits and vegetables can help prevent or treat water retention.

      Step 6:
      Increase your activity level. Exercises such as bike riding, tennis, walking or running can help your body get rid of excess water in your legs and ankles.

      Step 7:
      Visit your doctor if you continue to retain water, especially if you are retaining water no matter what you do. There may be an underlying health issue that needs to be addressed."

  25. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when my breast and lower stomach is sore?
    My breast and lower stomach has been sore since yesterday morning. I haven't started my period , i mean i never had a period it just haven't came yet. I am 13 years old and will be 14 at the end of this year. Does this mean I'm about to start my period ? And again i have NEVER started my period , Never! Please help ! Thanksss

    • ANSWER:
      Hello, I found an article on the internet in regards to reasons for breast pain. I hope this information helps you with a few of your questions. Take care.

      •Hormones: It is seen that cyclic breast pain is linked to hormones. The hormonal changes during periods, pregnancy and after pregnancy play a major role in breast pain.

      •Retention of Water: During periods, breasts absorb extra fluid instead of discharging it.

      •Physical factors: Non-cyclic breast pain is caused due to breast cysts, trauma, breast surgery and other factors related to the breast.

      •Imbalance of Fatty Acids: The fatty acid imbalance affects the breast tissue cell sensitivity to hormone circulation.

      •Size of Breast: It is seen that heavy chested women suffer from non-cyclic breast pain. This breast pain is accompanied by neck pain, shoulder pain and back pain.

      •Medications: Oral contraceptives and infertility treatments also cause breast pain. Estrogen and progesterone hormone replacement therapy lead to breast tenderness. Intake of certain antidepressants may also be possible breast pain causes.

      •Infection: A possible microbial infection may lead to breast pain.

      •Other Causes: Hormone replacement therapy, weight gain, unfitting bras and tumors may be other breast pain causes.

      Source(s):
      http://www.buzzle.com/articles/breast-pa…

  26. QUESTION:
    Why am I having such a hard time losing weight?
    I started a diet program with a professional fitness trainer. She gave me a diet plan that I've been following and exercise routine and I can't seem to lose weight? I'm 5'5 190 pounds. 29 years old. Here is my diet

    1.) 1/2 c of Oatmeal w/ 5 eggwhites

    2.) 1 6oz of plain yogurt with an apple

    3.) 1 chicken breast, 1 cup of brown rice and 1 cup of veggies

    4.) 1 Protein shake ...just water mixed with 2 scoops of protein powder

    5.) 1 chicken breast and 1 cup of veggies

    I also drink about 1 gallon of water a day and I do 75 minutes of cardio everyday and I lift weights every other day..

    I don't understand why I'm not losing. I've been doing this for 3 weeks and I think I've only lost some water weight. but it comes right back :/.....I do have hypothyroidism which slows the metabolism and causes weight gain, but I'm taking a thyroid hormone replacement and my thyroid levels are normal right now...anybody know what I could be doing wrong. I'm following everything as was planned by my trainer. I don't cheat either. Help.

    • ANSWER:

  27. QUESTION:
    Am I supposed to gain or lose weight when taking hormone replacement therapy?
    My doctor just prescribed me cyclo-progynova (a hormone replacement therapy). I am 18 years old and she prescribed me this medicine to regulate my period. She didn't say much about what problems I have. She just said my ovaries are a little (I don't remember how she described it....sluggish ovaries or something like that?) lol sorry :)
    so my question now, am I supposed to lose or gain weight on this medication?
    most of the time I feel I eat less than anyone in my age and yet I'm chunky and all my friends who eat like me or sometimes even more than me are skinnier.

    • ANSWER:
      The general opinion is that hormone replacement therapy will cause you to gain weight. I'm quite a bit older then you but I've worn the estrogen patch for a long time and have not gained weight. Remember that everyone's metabolism is different. Some people can eat all day and not gain a pound.
      I wish you well.

  28. QUESTION:
    Can you fast during Ramadan if you have hypothyroidism?
    My doctor says no, but I have heard of several people fasting during this holy month and they have thyroid disease--their doctor said it was okay. Thoughts?

    • ANSWER:
      Honey, each person is different... Just because another person's hypothyroidism was such that it was acceptable to fast has no bearing what so ever on YOUR health.

      I have no idea what YOUR body is like...

      No one else here has any idea what YOUR body is like...

      OTHER PEOPLE WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM HAVE NO IDEA WHAT YOUR BODY IS LIKE...

      Listen to your doctor! S/he knows more about what is up with you than any stranger you meet on the Internet.

      What is healthy with one person can kill another... Your health is important... And your theism has rules about exceptions for ill health because your god doesn't want his followers to drop dead because "Everyone Else Says..."

      Hypothyroidism won't kill you but it can complicate your long term health.

      For those that don't know what she is talking about:

      Hypothyroidism Overview
      https://health.google.com/health/ref/Hypothyroidism
      Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.

      Early symptoms:
      Being more sensitive to cold
      Constipation
      Depression
      Fatigue or feeling slowed down
      Heavier menstrual periods
      Joint or muscle pain
      Paleness or dry skin
      Thin, brittle hair or fingernails
      Weakness
      Weight gain (unintentional)

      Late symptoms, if left untreated:
      Decreased taste and smell
      Hoarseness
      Puffy face, hands, and feet
      Slow speech
      Thickening of the skin
      Thinning of eyebrows

      Treatment
      The purpose of treatment is to replace the thyroid hormone that is lacking. Levothyroxine is the most commonly used medication. Doctors will prescribe the lowest dose that effectively relieves symptoms and brings the TSH level to a normal range. If you have heart disease or you are older, your doctor may start with a very small dose.

      Lifelong therapy is required unless you have a condition called transient viral thyroiditis.

      You must continue taking your medication even when your symptoms go away. When starting your medication, your doctor may check your hormone levels every 2 - 3 months. After that, your thyroid hormone levels should be monitored at least every year.

      Important things to remember when you are taking thyroid hormone are:
      Do NOT stop taking the medication when you feel better. Continue taking the medication exactly as directed by your doctor.
      If you change brands of thyroid medicine, let your doctor know. Your levels may need to be checked.
      Some dietary changes can change the way your body absorbs the thryoid medicine. Talk with your doctor if you are eating a lot of soy products or a high-fiber diet.

      Thryoid medicine works best on an empty stomach and when taken 1 hour before any other medications. Do NOT take thyroid hormone with calcium, iron, multivitamins, alumin hydroxide antacids, colestipol, or other medicines that bind bile acids, or fiber supplements.

      After you start taking replacement therapy, tell your doctor if you have any symptoms of increased thyroid activity (hyperthyroidism) such as:
      Rapid weight loss
      Restlessness or shakiness
      Sweating
      Myxedema coma is a medical emergency that occurs when the body's level of thyroid hormones becomes extremely low. It is treated with intravenous thyroid hormone replacement and steroid medications. Some patients may need supportive therapy (oxygen, breathing assistance, fluid replacement) and intensive-care nursing.

      Causes
      The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck just below the voice box (larynx). It releases hormones that control metabolism.

      The most common cause of hypothyroidism is inflammation of the thyroid gland, which damages the gland's cells. Autoimmune or Hashimoto's thyroiditis, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, is the most common example of this. Some women develop hypothyroidism after pregancy (often referred to as "postpartum throiditis").

      Other common causes of hypothyroidism include:
      Congenital (birth) defects
      Radiation treatments to the neck to treat different cancers, which may also damage the thyroid gland
      Radioactive iodine used to treat an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
      Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland, done to treat other thyroid problems
      Viral thyroiditis, which may case hyperthyroidism and is often followed by temporary or permanent hypothyroidism
      Certain drugs can cause hyperthyroidism, including:
      Amiodarone
      Drugs used for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), such as propylthiouracil (PTU) and methimazole
      Lithium
      Radiation to the brain

      Sheehan syndrome, a condition that may occur in a woman who bleeds severely during pregnancy or childbirth and causes destruction of the pituitary gland
      Risk factors include:
      Age over 50 years
      Being female

      Tests & diagnosis
      A physical examination may reveal a smaller-than-normal thyroid gland, although sometimes the gland is normal size or even enlarged (goiter). The examination may also reveal:
      Brittle nails
      Coarse facial features
      Pale or dry skin, which may be cool to the touch
      Swelling of the arms and legs
      Thin and brittle hair
      A chest x-ray may show an enlarged heart.
      Laboratory tests to determine thyroid function include:
      Serum TSH
      T4 test
      Lab tests may also reveal:
      Anemia on a complete blood count (CBC)
      Increased cholesterol levels
      Increased liver enzymes
      Increased prolactin
      Low sodium

      Prognosis
      In most cases, thyroid levels return to with proper treatment. However, thyroid hormone replacement must be taken for the rest of your life.
      Myxedema coma can result in death.

      Prevention
      There is no prevention for hypothyroidism.
      Screening tests in newborns can detect hypothyroidism that is present from birth (congenital hypothyroidism).

      Complications
      Myxedema coma, the most severe form of hypothyroidism, is rare. It may be caused by an infection, illness, exposure to cold, or certain medications in people with untreated hypothyroidism.
      Symptoms and signs of myxedema coma include:
      Below normal temperature
      Decreased breathing
      Low blood pressure
      Low blood sugar
      Unresponsiveness
      Other complications are:
      Heart disease
      Increased risk of infection
      Infertility
      Miscarriage
      People with untreated hypothyroidism are at increased risk for:
      Giving birth to a baby with birth defects
      Heart disease because of higher levels of LDL ("bad") cholesterol
      Heart failure

      People treated with too much thyroid hormone are at risk for angina or heart attack, as well as osteoporosis (thinning of the bones).

      When to contact a doctor
      Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of hypothyroidism (or myxedema).
      If you are being treated for hypothyroidism, call your doctor if:
      You develop chest pain or rapid heartbeat
      You have an infection
      Your symptoms get worse or do not improve with treatment
      You develop new symptoms

  29. QUESTION:
    How is the body, physically after cushing's disease treatment?
    Is there improvement in energy and weight loss?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.cushings-help.com/intro.htm
      http://knol.google.com/k/cushing-s-disease-syndrome#

      Treatment depends on the specific reason for cortisol excess and may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or the use of cortisol-inhibiting drugs. If the cause is long-term use of glucocorticoid hormones to treat another disorder, the doctor will gradually reduce the dosage to the lowest dose adequate for control of that disorder. Once control is established, the daily dose of glucocorticoid hormones may be doubled and given on alternate days to lessen side effects.

      Dr. Mary Lee Vance, Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville
      Recovery and coping are tough questions to address; every patient is different. Over the years, I have been impressed that the rate of recovery is related to several things: (a) the duration of Cushing’s before treatment, (b) the severity of Cushing’s-related problems (amount of weight gain, muscle weakness, diabetes, hypertension, depression) – the more severe the symptoms and medical problems, the longer the recovery process, (c) age: younger patients tend recover much more quickly than older patients. My advice: patience, patience, patience. I tell my patients BEFORE surgery that they will probably feel worse after successful surgery than before the operation. I tell them to expect: fatigue, weakness (“feeling like a wet noodle”), to expect muscle and joint pains, to expect dry skin and generally feeling “crummy”. When they return for the post operative visit, they are frustrated and report these symptoms and I remind them that I warned them that this would happen (the patient doesn’t always remember, but the family member does recall what I said). So, the short answer: there is an expected difficulty during recovery after successful treatment of Cushing’s. The muscle aches and joint pains can be helped with medication (Aleve, aspirin). I also tell patients that it usually takes 6 to 12 months (and dieting to loose the weight) to recover from Cushing’s. I point out that it took a long time to develop loss of muscle mass and it takes a long time for this to improve. There is one good point: most patients have improvement in the emotional issues such as irritability, mood swings and depression long before the physical problems improve (sometimes family members are more aware of this improvement than the patient). However, if the patient has difficulty with memory this usually takes a longer time to improve.
      As for coping with recovery and what they can do to help themselves, again recall that many patients had symptoms and signs of Cushing’s for a long time before diagnosis and treatment (From a UVA clinic survey, the average time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis and treatment is 3 to 5 years; sometimes much longer). Thus, “coping” is very difficult for the patient. My advice to my patients: (a) expect that recovery will be very gradual and slow; do not have “unrealistic expectations”, which result in frustration and anxiety; (b) try to increase exercise gradually, start slow and increase activity gradually; (c) do pay attention to diet and food intake, count calories; (d) know that things will improve, but improvement will be gradual; (e) if depression is a problem, continue treatment for depression; (f) again: patience, patience and patience: there is no way around this; (g) testing for growth hormone (GH) deficiency: if a patient is growth hormone deficient, GH replacement may improve the rate of recovery from Cushing’s. (I conducted a research study of GH treatment on recovery from Cushing’s and the results suggest that GH replacement helps with recovery [body composition, quality of life, exercise tolerance]).

  30. QUESTION:
    How long does a thyroid patient take eltroxin?
    Is eltroxin, the medicine for hypothyroidism, really for life? can patients take them for just a certain period of time? why or why not?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it does. Unfortunately, there is no "cure" for hypothyroidism I have been on the thyroid replacement mediation (one dose daily) for many years. I have regular blood tests every 3 or 4 months to determine if the dosage needs to be changed.

      I copied the following information for you from the website of the Mayo Clinic. It explains why it is necessary to continue your medication much better than I can.

      "Standard treatment for an underactive thyroid involves daily use of the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Synthroid, Unithroid). The oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, shifting your body back into normal gear.

      Soon after starting treatment, you'll notice that you're feeling less fatigued. The medication also gradually lowers cholesterol levels elevated by the disease and may reverse any weight gain. Treatment with levothyroxine is usually lifelong, but because the dosage you need may change, your doctor is likely to check your TSH level every year or so.

      To determine the right dosage of levothyroxine initially, your doctor generally checks your level of TSH after two to three months. Excessive amounts of the hormone can cause side effects, such as increased appetite, insomnia, heart palpitations and shakiness."

      Note:
      As you can see, your thyroid medication can avoid complications. NOT taking your medication, on the other hand, can also cause problems such as osteoporosis. It is only a minor inconvenience to take one tablet a day and avoid any other medical complications that can be caused by a thyroid disorder.

      I hope this has helped you.

  31. QUESTION:
    Is having simple carbohydrates and protein with every meal a good plan for diet?
    Carbohydrates to keep you awake and provide you with enough antioxidants, and protein to manage your sugar levels and to help repair tissues?

    • ANSWER:
      For optimal health, I advocate a low carb way of eating. As long as you have <9grams carbs per hour, you will maintain insulin control & shouldn't gain weight, no matter the calories, because insulin (the ONLY fat storage hormone) isn't activated.

      I personally believe in using fat as fuel instead of carbohydrates. Fat is totally benign in the absence of insulin. There aren't enough calories in vegetables & fruits to fuel the body, if you get enough calories from carbs to fuel the body, then you maintain an almost constant high insulin level with roller coaster blood glucose levels. I recommend fats from butter, coconut, olives, avocados, nuts, fish & meats, chia seeds & flax seeds.

      When you restrict higher carb, lower nutrition foods, it becomes much easier to greatly increase vegetables in your diet. Change your mindset just adapt it to low carb -
      replace bread with lettuce
      replace pasta with cabbage
      replace rice with cauliflower
      replace potatoes with brocolli

      High carb levels trigger insulin which unbalance other hormones, promote inflammation, weight gain, hunger. Controlling insulin levels will balance out other hormones and allow sex hormones (testosterone in men) & human growth hormone (HGH) to be produced naturally so lean muscle will be gained even without exercise.

      Carbohydrates trigger insulin, the fat storage hormone. Protein triggers the fat burning hormone, glucagon.

      Highly nutritious foods you should consider: avocados, sardines, sprouts, spirulina, paprika, turnip greens, mustard greens, kale, garlic, brewers yeast, raw almonds, ground flax seeds & chia seeds.

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet is the only means to reduce the levels of lipoprotein (a) — that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50% of fat in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from toxic insults & even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100% saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Most of the fatty acids in the brain are saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling & hormone production

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy foreign invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, & germs. We need them to keep the immune system vigilant against cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

      Plaque build up in the arteries are more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats, which seems to be the conclusion of the following study. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque, glycation - the precursors to a heart attack and heart disease.

      study from the Oxford group examining the postprandial (after-eating) effects of a low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diet. (Roberts R et al, 2008)

      Postprandial lipoproteins, you'd think, would be plentiful after ingesting a large quantity of fat, since fat must be absorbed via chylomicrons into the bloodstream. But it's carbohydrates that figure most prominently in determining the pattern and magnitude of postprandial triglycerides and lipoproteins. Much of this effect develops by way of de novo lipogenesis, the generation of new lipoproteins like VLDL after carbohydrate ingestion.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

  32. QUESTION:
    What does it mean when 65 year old woman has a period after 10 years without?
    does this just happen? is there possibly something serious? Ihave no older females to ask. Thanks.
    Certainly plan to see Dr. Started over july4 weekend. Closed office. Short week, they are booked. Appt in 3 weeks. I wondered if I need sooner or should just relax.

    • ANSWER:
      Post-menopausal bleeding is usually not caused by something serious (stress, weight gain/loss, nutrition, insulin resistance, changing hormones). However, it can also be a sign of uterine abnormalities, from simple, nonsinister hyperplasia (overgrowth) to something as serious as uterine cancer.

      We certainly don't want to scare you. I have been postmenopausal for four years myself, and I would see my physician if I had bleeding or spotting. It is much better to see a doctor and have it turn out to be something simple and harmless than to ignore it.

      I am assuming you are not taking hormone replacement therapy (estrogen/progesterone). If you are, this could be a cause of the bleeding. But if you are taking it, don't stop it without seeing your doctor.

      See your doctor with this Question. Take care of yourself!

  33. QUESTION:
    What might cause treatment-resistant hypothyroid?
    I am a mature woman who has had profound hypothyroid since the age of about 16. It seems that I might not be digesting my hypothyroid medications properly. Or, for some reason, they are inhibited and/or failing to assimilate. It seems that I have no natural thyroid function to compensate.

    I was on T3/T4 (Armour™) for many years, and it worked fairly well; then it suddenly ceased to be effective. (We thought that it might be a problem with the source. We changed to another pharmacy-- to no avail.)

    I have been trying, for one year, levothyroxine (T4, Synthroid™) + liothyronine (T3, Cytomel™). These have been separated to allow for individual adjustment of dosages. Continually, every couple of months, they scarcely register in labs at all.

    Among other casebook symptoms, I am now losing all of my head hair. The hair on my legs does not grow at all. I am gaining weight. (About one pound per month.) My muscles are wasting so that I can hardly stand or walk. Breathing is laboured. I have horrendous, debilitating heat intolerance.

    I have always taken my thyroid meds on an empty stomach. (First thing in the morning and fasting for one hour in the afternoon.) I take my Synthroid/Cytomel together twice per day in an effort to avoid spiking.

    I am digesting other things at least somewhat-- like (natural) progesterone. It registers in the normal range in labs. But I am not sure that I am digesting food fully.

    All of my other functions are excellent ("enviable")-- sugars, cholesterol, lipids, etc. My pulse and heart rate are normal to low.

    My endocrinologist is baffled and doesn't know how to advise me.

    I am very conservative about chemicals and medications. I take no other drugs except cortisol (Cortef™) for Addison's Disease and natural hormone replacement. (My corrected adrenals test in the normal range.) I do not drink alcohol or smoke.

    Does this ring any bells? Does anyone have any idea what could be causing this treatment-resistant situation? Where can I turn for reliable information on this subject? What are the proper buzz words to use?

    I am on a preemptive strict protein + plant-based diet. (Egg whites, chicken breast, and turkey breast. [I simply cannot tolerate fish.] I must avoid gluten, fungi, and sugar.) I take a full compliment of high-quality supplements to include extra D3-K, probiotics, digestive enzymes, and so forth. (I follow Doug Kaufmann, Richard Becker, et al.)

    Websites would be VERY helpful. (I have looked at a few, but I am not finding what I need.) I am interested in researching this phenomenon fully-- including the autoimmune angle. (Hoshimoto's.) I am pro-alternative healthcare.

    Thank you for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      you may not be taking enough cytomel the regular dose is about 20mcgm , I can take 120-140 before it has any effect you have either cellular thyroid resistance or too much inactive T3 being produced by the thyroid only the levo form of thyroxine or triiodothyronine is active but both dextro and levo show the same in lab tests they are enantiomers chemically identical but mirror images of each other, it is the balance between L and D ( also called reverse) that regulates metabolism, too much L and you are hyper to much D and you are hypo, wilson's temperature syndrome has useful information , mainstream thyroid medicine is 40 years out of date, if your cells are "full" of the inactive form of T3 it takes three to four weeks of synthetic T3 to regain a balance, but the root of your problem may likely be in the addisons as adrenal insufficiency is a cause of extreme hypothyroidism symptoms, it is unlikely to be hypothyroidism if you have heat intolerance it should be the opposite, regular contact with antimicrobials like triclosan or sodium and potassium benzoate can also cause these symptoms

  34. QUESTION:
    what exactly does addisons disease do to a person?
    my sis has addisons disease and i'd like to know how to tell the difference between her disease and it's effects and when she's just being a big old drama queen - - how do I tell? at what age does this disease attack the hardest? how likely is a sudden death from it?

    • ANSWER:
      Addison's disease is a hormone deficiency caused by damage to the outer layer of the adrenal gland (adrenal cortex).

      Symptoms:

      Extreme weakness
      Fatigue
      Unintentional weight loss
      Nausea and vomiting
      Chronic diarrhea
      Loss of appetite
      Darkening of the skin - patchy skin color
      Unnaturally dark color in some locations
      Paleness may also occur
      Mouth lesions on the inside of a cheek (buccal mucosa) - pigmentation
      Slow, sluggish, lethargic movement
      Changes in the blood pressure or heart rate
      Salt craving

      Treatment

      Replacement therapy with corticosteroids will control the symptoms of this disease. However, these drugs must usually be continued for life. Usually a combination of glucocorticoids (cortisone or hydrocortisone) and mineralocorticoids (fludrocortisone) are given.

      Medication may need to be increased during times of stress, infection, or injury.

      Adrenal crisis is an extreme manifestation of symptoms of adrenal insufficiency brought on by physical stress. Hydrocortisone must be injected immediately to sustain life. Supportive treatment for low blood pressure is usually necessary as well.

      Some people with Addison's disease are taught to give themselves an emergency injection of hydrocortisone during stressful situations. It is important for the individual with Addison's disease to always carry a medical identification card that states the type of medication and the proper dose needed in case of an emergency.

      Never skip doses of medication for this condition, as life-threatening reactions may occur. If unable to retain medication due to vomiting, notify your health care provider, go to the emergency room, or call the local emergency number (such as 911) immediately.

      Also report sudden weight gain or fluid retention to the health care provider.

  35. QUESTION:
    How much do you really know about Graves Disease (hyperthyroidism)?
    Out of the list of symptoms listed below, which ones are associated with hyperthyroidism? Which ones are not?

    01. Rapid weight gain
    02. Severe muscle atrophy - to the point of being crippling
    03. Muscle pain
    04. Rapid heart rate
    05. High blood pressure
    06. Goiter
    07. Hair loss
    08. Brittle fingernails & toenails
    09. Extreme intolerance to cold
    10. Severe mood swings

    Can you think of any symptoms that are not listed here?

    Also, are there any methods for the treatment of this disease that does not involve popping any pills?

    • ANSWER:
      Graves' disease can manifest with any or all of the following:

      Shortness of breath

      Weakness

      Fatigue

      Pretibial myxedema (lumpy, reddish-colored thickening of the skin, usually on the shins)

      Double vision

      Muscle wasting

      Increased eye tearing

      Infrequent or absent menstrual periods

      Abnormal breast enlargement (men)

      Increased hair loss

      Diminished sex drive

      Brittle nails

      Treatment of Graves' Disease
      The choice of treatment depends upon the age and overall condition of the patient, the size of thyroid gland, and patient preference.

      Currently, there are at least three methods of treatment: drugs that inhibit production of thyroid hormone or provide symptomatic relief, the use of radioactive iodine to destroy part of the thyroid gland and thereby reduce hormone production, or surgical removal of part of the gland.

      Drug therapy. Your doctor will prescribe either methimazole (Tapazole) or propylthiouracil (PTU) pills. These drugs act to prevent the thyroid from manufacturing the thyroid hormone.

      The side effects of this medication may be drowsiness and minor lethargy; in rare cases, they can cause agranulocytosis, a blood disease. Most of the time, however, this form of therapy is safe and restores normal hormone balance within a couple of months.

      Another medication, propranolol, is a beta-blocker that helps relieve the symptoms of Graves' disease including rapid heart rate, tremor, sweating and anxiety. Iodinated contrast agents can also provide effective treatment for hyperthyroidism of any cause.

      Radioactive iodine therapy. This is an alternative if drug treatment fails. You are given a capsule or a drink of water containing radioactive iodine. After being swallowed, the "radioiodine" is rapidly absorbed by the overactive thyroid cells and are destroyed by the radiation, so less thyroid hormone is produced.

      The radioactivity disappears from the body within days. You should not undergo radioactive iodine therapy if you are pregnant as the radiation can adversely affect a developing fetus.

      Surgery. Thyroidectomy is surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland. If only a single lump or nodule within the thyroid is producing too much hormone, the surgeon can take out just that small part of the gland. If the entire gland is overactive, which is more often the case, a total thyroidectomy is needed.

      Surgery is the preferred treatment for people with a large goiter who chronically relapse after drug therapy, if there is a risk of cancer, and for people who refuse or are not candidates for radioactive iodine therapy, such as pregnant women. Depending on how much of the gland is left after surgery, you may need subsequent thyroid replacement therapy.

  36. QUESTION:
    Morbid question: Without a thyroid gland and hormone replacement, how long would it take a human being to die?
    I have no thyroid. If the world were to end tomorrow and I had no access to my Synthroid, how long would it take for me to die? Is there anything I could eat, etc. that could save my life?

    • ANSWER:
      Did your doctor tell you that you would "die" if you didn't take your Synthroid? No you won't die - but you will slowly slow down and gain weight and not have any energy - also you may be more bothered by cold and drafts as you age. Thyroid suppliments will help you live longer - but it won't cause your premature death.

  37. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms for deficiency of estrogen?
    What is the best medicine/treat for it?

    • ANSWER:
      Sign and Symptoms of Low Estrogen Levels:

      Rapid pulse rate
      Bloating
      Fatigue that worsens during the day
      Constant fatigue, lethargy and fatigue on light exertion.
      Short-term memory failure
      Poor Memory
      Hot flashes
      Joint pain, swelling and stiffness
      Decreased Sex Drive
      Depression
      Headaches
      Osteoarthritis
      Low Back Pain
      Dry skin
      Vaginal Dryness
      Recent unexplained weight gain
      In the past, women looked to synthetic hormones to remedy the symptoms of low estrogen levels. Recent studies showing clear dangers associated with synthetic hormone replacement therapy spurred a renewed interest in HRT natural alternatives.

      There are a number of food and herb sources that provide plant-based phytoestrogen for HRT natural alternatives that can combat the cause of symptoms of low estrogen levels by naturally supplying the body with estrogen forms readily processed by the body. By addressing the effects of estrogen deficiency with HRT natural alternatives, women reduce their risks of HRT related side effects, conditions and diseases.

      Although menopause is the time of estrogen deficiency and symptoms of low estrogen levels, premenopausal women can also have estrogen deficiencies and symptoms of low estrogen levels. In either case, HRT natural alternatives are well advised.

  38. QUESTION:
    does thyroid disease play a role in your diet?
    does it cause you to put on weight or have cravings?

    • ANSWER:
      You can definitely gain weight if hypo and not getting the proper dose of thyroid hormone replacement... And cravings can be experienced whether hyPER or hyPO.

      Your best bet is to be properly diagnosed and properly treated, getting the right amount of replacement thyroid hormone, if you are hypo, to meet your body's needs.

      Choosing to hold of on seeing the doc, waiting until it's 'bad enough to do something about' will likely make it more miserable for you and will take longer to make up for in the long run... Wait too long and some of the damage can't be undone.

  39. QUESTION:
    How much UNsaturated fat should I eat in a day?
    I don't care about Tans Fats, Saturated Fats, all I want to know is HOW MUCH *UN*SATURATED fat I need in a day! I can't find this information anywhere! Please help!

    • ANSWER:
      I recommend that 65-80% of daily calories should be from fat sources & of that 50% (or more) from saturated fatty acids, 45% monounsaturated & less than 5% polyunsaturated fatty acids from whole food sources.

      For optimal health, I advocate a low carb way of eating. As long as you have <9grams carbs per hour, you will maintain insulin control, which will balance hormones & allow your body to function properly. You shouldn't gain weight, no matter the calories, because insulin (the ONLY fat storage hormone) isn't activated.

      I personally believe in using fat as fuel instead of carbohydrates. Fat is totally benign in the absence of insulin. There aren't enough calories in vegetables & fruits to fuel the body, if you get enough calories from carbs to fuel the body, then you maintain an almost constant high insulin level with roller coaster blood glucose levels. I recommend fats from butter, coconut, olives, nuts, fish & meats, chia seeds & flax seeds.

      The link between saturated fats and heart health was based on faulty science & has been disproven. Dietary fat, whether saturated or not, is not a cause of obesity, heart disease, or any other chronic disease of civilization. Through their direct effects on insulin and blood sugar, refined carbohydrates, starches and sugars are the dietary cause of coronary heart disease and diabetes.

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet reduces the levels of lipoprotein (a) abbreviated Lp(a)—that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. The only dietary means of lowering Lp(a) is eating saturated fat. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the so-called good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50 percent of the fats in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from the toxic insults of alcohol & medications and even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      For proper function, the airspaces of the lungs have to be coated with a thin layer of lung surfactant. The fat content of lung surfactant is 100 percent saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes breathing difficulties, collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Though highly unsaturated essential fatty acids found in cold-water fish (EPA & DHA) are important for brain & nerve function, most of the fatty acids in the brain are actually saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, & palm oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism. Without the correct signals to tell the organs & glands what to do, the job gets done improperly.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil (myristic acid & lauric acid) play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy foreign invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, & fungi. Myristic & lauric acid have potent germ-killing ability. We need dietary replenishment of them to keep the immune system vigilant against the development of cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

      Saturated fats play many important biologic roles. They are an integral component of cell membranes, which are 50 percent saturated fat. Lung surfactant is composed entirely, when available, of one particular saturated fat, 16-carbon palmitic acid. Properly made with this fat, it prevents asthma and other breathing disorders. For nourishment, heart muscle cells prefer saturated long-chain palmitic and 18-carbon stearic acid over carbohydrates. Saturated fats are required for bone to assimilate calcium effectively. They help the liver clear out fat and provide protection from the adverse effects of alcohol and medications like acetaminophen. Medium-chain saturated fats in butter and coconut oil, 12-carbon lauric acid and 14-carbon myristic acid, play an important role in the immune system. They stabilize proteins that enable white blood cells to more effectively recognize and destroy invading viruses, bacteria, and fungi, and also fight tumors. Saturated fatty acids function as signaling messengers for hormone production, including insulin. And saturated fats signal satiety. Not surprisingly, given all these biological functions, saturated fats make up 54 percent of the fat in mother’s breast milk (monounsaturated fats are 39 percent; and polyunsaturated fats, a tiny 3 percent).

      http://www.lewrockwell.com/miller/miller33.1.html

      Plaque build up in the arteries are more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats, which seems to be the conclusion of the following study. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque, glycation - the precursors to a heart attack and heart disease.

      study from the Oxford group examining the postprandial (after-eating) effects of a low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diet. (Roberts R et al, 2008)

      Postprandial lipoproteins, you'd think, would be plentiful after ingesting a large quantity of fat, since fat must be absorbed via chylomicrons into the bloodstream. But it's carbohydrates that figure most prominently in determining the pattern and magnitude of postprandial triglycerides and lipoproteins. Much of this effect develops by way of de novo lipogenesis, the generation of new lipoproteins like VLDL after carbohydrate ingestion.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

  40. QUESTION:
    Why am I having such a hard time losing weight?
    I started a diet program with a professional fitness trainer. She gave me a diet plan that I've been following and exercise routine and I can't seem to lose weight? I'm 5'5 190 pounds. 29 years old. Here is my diet

    1.) 1/2 c of Oatmeal w/ 5 eggwhites

    2.) 1 6oz of plain yogurt with an apple

    3.) 1 chicken breast, 1 cup of brown rice and 1 cup of veggies

    4.) 1 Protein shake ...just water mixed with 2 scoops of protein powder

    5.) 1 chicken breast and 1 cup of veggies

    I also drink about 1 gallon of water a day and I do 75 minutes of cardio everyday and I lift weights every other day..

    I don't understand why I'm not losing. I've been doing this for 3 weeks and I think I've only lost some water weight. but it comes right back :/.....I do have hypothyroidism which slows the metabolism and causes weight gain, but I'm taking a thyroid hormone replacement and my thyroid levels are normal right now...anybody know what I could be doing wrong. I'm following everything as was planned by my trainer. I don't cheat either. Help.

    • ANSWER:

  41. QUESTION:
    How do I deal with my menopausal mom?
    She keeps blowing up at me and won't admit she's reached "that time". The constant yelling is really getting to me- she has a really short temper.

    • ANSWER:
      Advice from another menopausal mom:

      You must tell her that you're worried she's having mood swings due to menopause.

      Tell her that she seems incredibly stressed lately and that you're worried about her.

      Tell her that the stress and anxiety of menopause are related to physical, hormonal causes and that this stress and anxiety can cause illness if it continues. Chronic stress can cause blood glucose imbalances, insulin imbalances, inflammation of the cardiovascular system, and weight gain.

      Tell her that you want her to see a doctor so she won't be so stressed all the time. Hormone replacement therapy is one possibility, but there are also other natural remedies doctors can recommend.

      Ask her what you can do to help decrease her stress. Can you help with housework? Cook a meal? Feed the pets? Turn down your stereo? Do the grocery shopping?

      Menopause is difficult both for the menopauser and the menopauser's family. It can be like the worst PMS in the world multiplied ten times. Insomnia, hot flashes, crawly skin, restless leg syndrome, weight gain, mood swings, headaches, dry skin and hair, depression...you get the idea.

      You can't "fix" your mom's menopause, but you can offer your support. If there are friends or relatives you can enlist in your campaign to get her to a doctor, use them too!

  42. QUESTION:
    Why is it so hard to maintain a healthy diet?
    Do wild animals have the same problem? It is almost impossible to maintain a healthy diet. You have the debate over water fluoridation. It turns out microwaved food is bad for you. Eating organic costs more money. The being a vegetarian paradox... and plenty of more complications just to have something to eat or drink. What have we done to ourselves. Why is finding a good amount of something healthy to have hard. At the same time we are surrounded by unhealthy food which should not even be sold. What do you think?

    • ANSWER:
      Wild animals normally don't have access to refined foods. But look at our domesticated animals, feed them processed foods & they have the same diseases we do.

      They wouldn't be selling unhealthy foods if no one was buying, unfortunately refined carbs are addictive & they add chemicals and processed ingredients like high fructose corn syrup that make them even more addictive.

      My main concern with fluoride in water (and many toothpastes) is that it displaces iodine in our body. Fluoride maybe a toxin in it's own right, but displacing iodine really can destroy health. I bought a zerowater pitcher that filters out fluoride & everything else.

      I use UNrefined salts (which have 80 minerals) instead of the toxic refined salts.

      I highly recommend making & eating sprouts daily. This is one of the best ways to guarantee fresh, organic, nutrition economically & sprouts have a minimum of 3x the nutrition of an equal amount of the mature vegetable.

      There is talk of mercury in fish but current recommendations suggest that the high selenium content of many fish negate the mercury. The mercury in fish doesn't concern me nearly as much as the mercury in flu shots & other vaccines and the fillings in my mouth.

      Spirulina & chlorella are expensive but I feel they are important supplementation to the diet. Chlorella also helps detox the body of poisons & heavy metals.

      For optimal health, I advocate a low carb way of eating. As long as you have <9grams carbs per hour, you will maintain insulin control & shouldn't gain weight, no matter the calories, because insulin (the ONLY fat storage hormone) isn't activated.

      I personally believe in using fat as fuel instead of carbohydrates. Fat is totally benign in the absence of insulin. There aren't enough calories in vegetables & fruits to fuel the body, if you get enough calories from carbs to fuel the body, then you maintain an almost constant high insulin level with roller coaster blood glucose levels. I recommend fats from butter, coconut, olives, avocados, nuts, fish & meats, chia seeds & flax seeds.

      When you restrict higher carb, lower nutrition foods, it becomes much easier to greatly increase vegetables in your diet. Change your mindset just adapt it to low carb -
      replace bread with lettuce
      replace pasta with cabbage
      replace rice with cauliflower
      replace potatoes with brocolli

      High carb levels trigger insulin which unbalance other hormones, promote inflammation, weight gain, hunger. Controlling insulin levels will balance out other hormones and allow sex hormones (testosterone in men) & human growth hormone (HGH) to be produced naturally so lean muscle will be gained even without exercise.

      Carbohydrates trigger insulin, the fat storage hormone. Protein triggers the fat burning hormone, glucagon.

      Highly nutritious foods you should consider: avocados, sardines, sprouts, spirulina, paprika, turnip greens, mustard greens, kale, garlic, brewers yeast, raw almonds, ground flax seeds & chia seeds.

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet is the only means to reduce the levels of lipoprotein (a) — that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50% of fat in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from toxic insults & even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100% saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Most of the fatty acids in the brain are saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling & hormone production

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy foreign invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, & germs. We need them to keep the immune system vigilant against cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

  43. QUESTION:
    How does exercise reduce or prevent osteoporosis?

    Could someone tell me what BMD is?

    • ANSWER:
      Osteoporosis is a disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collagenous proteins in bone is altered.

      Other tips for prevention
      These measures also may help you prevent bone loss:

      * Exercise. Exercise can help you build strong bones and slow bone loss. Exercise will benefit your bones no matter when you start, but you'll gain the most benefits if you start exercising regularly when you're young and continue to exercise throughout your life. Combine strength training exercises with weight-bearing exercises. Strength training helps strengthen muscles and bones in your arms and upper spine, and weight-bearing exercises — such as walking, jogging, running, stair climbing, skipping rope, skiing and impact-producing sports — mainly affect the bones in your legs, hips and lower spine. Swimming, cycling and machines such as elliptical trainers can provide a good cardiovascular workout, but because they're low impact, they're not as helpful for improving bone health as weight-bearing exercises are.
      * Add soy to your diet. The plant estrogens found in soy help maintain bone density and may reduce the risk of fractures.
      * Don't smoke. Smoking increases bone loss, perhaps by decreasing the amount of estrogen a woman's body makes and by reducing the absorption of calcium in your intestine. The effects on bone of secondhand smoke aren't yet known.
      * Consider hormone therapy. Hormone therapy can reduce a woman's risk of osteoporosis during and after menopause. But because of the risk of side effects, discuss the options with your doctor and decide what's best for you. Testosterone replacement therapy works only for men with osteoporosis caused by low testosterone levels. Taking it when you have normal testosterone levels won't increase bone mass.
      * Avoid excessive alcohol. Consuming more than two alcoholic drinks a day may decrease bone formation and reduce your body's ability to absorb calcium. There's no clear link between moderate alcohol intake and osteoporosis.
      * Limit caffeine. Moderate caffeine consumption — about two to three cups of coffee a day — won't harm you as long as your diet contains adequate calcium.

  44. QUESTION:
    How does metabolizing fat work?
    Does the fat i first consume become digested before the fat i intake after i ate ?
    If i eat a hamburger store the fat from that and eat another, does the fat from the second hamburger release first?

    • ANSWER:
      Studies have shown that some people can gain fat stores even on a semi starvation diet of 1000 calories a day - if it's composition is high carb, low fat. So obviously, calories aren't the key to fat loss.

      If you eat a high calorie, high fat diet, you will lose weight.
      If you eat a low calorie, low fat diet, you can gain weight.

      Fat won't make you fat (but a low fat, high carb diet can). Fat is essential to good health. (not including transfats) & supports a strong immune system & helps hormones to function properly. Fat tempers the devastating health effects of carbohydrates. Fat is needed to make the vitamins & minerals in your foods (like calcium & vit.D in milk or alpha and beta carotene and lycopene in vegs) bioavailable so they can be incorporated into the body structure. Most people do better with a higher level of fat than with less, even if the body is being fueled by carbs & not fat.

      The body can not release body fat stores until the bloodstream is clear of insulin. Carbs greater than 9grams per hour trigger insulin. Insulin is the only fat storage hormone. As healthy as fruit may be, fructose the sugar in most fruit is the most lipogenic (fat producing) carb.

      Plaque build up in the arteries is more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats, which seems to be the conclusion of the following study. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque & glycation - the precursors to a heart attack & heart disease.

      study from the Oxford group examining the postprandial (after-eating) effects of a low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diet. (Roberts R et al, 2008)

      Postprandial lipoproteins, you'd think, would be plentiful after ingesting a large quantity of fat, since fat must be absorbed via chylomicrons into the bloodstream. But it's carbohydrates that figure most prominently in determining the pattern and magnitude of postprandial triglycerides and lipoproteins. Much of this effect develops by way of de novo lipogenesis, the generation of new lipoproteins like VLDL after carbohydrate ingestion.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

      from the article posted below:

      Another study done a few years ago at Ohio State University showed that salad dressing with oil brings out the best in a salad when compared to no-fat, low-fat dressings.

      When the seven test subjects consumed salads with no-fat dressing, the absorption of carotenoids was negligible. When a reduced-fat dressing was used, the added fat led to a higher absorption of alpha and beta carotene and lycopene. But there was substantially more absorption of the healthful compounds when full-fat dressing was used.

      Study researchers say they were not only surprised by how much more absorption occurred with fat added to the meal, but they were taken aback at how little the body absorbed when no fats were present.

      http://www.proteinpower.com/drmike/archives/2006/08/ill_have_mine_w.html

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet is the only means to reduce the levels of lipoprotein — that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50 percent of the fats in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from toxic insults & even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100% saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Most of the fatty acids in the brain are saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling & hormone production

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to destroy foreign invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, germs & fungi. We need them to keep the immune system vigilant against cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

  45. QUESTION:
    what products can you use on your breasts to help give them a lift?
    is there any creams you can use to improve the skin or stop the skin from stretching?? or can you use wrinkle cream on your breasts to improve the skin?

    • ANSWER:
      NO topical (on the skin surface) product exists which will reverse the damage caused by gravity, breast-feeding, and dieting, to breast skin. The appearance of stretch-marks will minimise on its own, over time, but there is NO way to remove stretch-marks, short of surgery.

      All such advertising is charlatanry, and if you read the fine print, you'll see the words 'individual results will vary', which mean: 'you may have no results at all, and we are not responsible'.

      Really good moisturiser, used regularly, will keep skin smoother and softer (all over your body). It is especially important to moisturise while dieting, while lactating, or when you gain a substantial amount of weight, to PREVENT as much skin-damage as possible.

      If you are going through menopause, see your GP about the appropriateness of Hormone Replacement Therapy in your particular case. Bear in mind that human beings are not MEANT to have those hormones after a certain age, and they ARE KNOWN to increase the risk of breast-cancer. This may be offset by the decrease in risk of osteoporosis, changes to vocal range, growth of body and facial hair, hot-flashes, night-sweats (ugh...) and a host of psychological effects.

      Vitamin E oil, vitamin C, and 'the chemical of the day' all have various merits. The truth is, smaller-breasted women, and women whose weight does not fluctuate significantly are going to have less skin damage on their breasts, over time, than those of us who have breasts like zeppelins, and who have (in my case medical) struggles with weight.

      Mothers should teach their daughters to sleep while standing on their heads, to reverse gravity-damage... but somehow, I doubt that is practicable.

      Remember, you are beautiful FOR YOURSELF, not for your breasts! Your whole body reflects your life-experiences (childbearing, lactating, kidney disease, anorexia, menopause, whatever...) and, if you don't make your living off your breasts, (and are not suffering ill effects from menopause), just try pampering yourself, and be satisfied with the changes which reflect the wonderful woman you are, and have been.

      It's not easy, but we live in a culture which has become obsessed with 'anti-aging' products. Considering the alternative, I prefer to continue aging, thanks. My grey hairs are testament to the trials of my life.

      My breasts can be hoisted up with a good quality bra, when I dress up. Sure, Lycra Spandex (TM) and make-up are our friends... but when all is said and done, being at peace with our bodies is more important than anything else.

      That said, I want to win a total body make-over... ROFL!

  46. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms, if any of hypothyroidism?
    I consider myself physically fit and am in my 30's. Lately I have gained a lot of weight...10lbs. within a 2 1/2 month period. I go spinning 2-3 times a week if not more. I don't feel that I have over indulged enough to gain that much weight. I am wondering if it isn't a thyroid issue. Because I feel tired more often, although I am not sure if it just has to do with the cold weather.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it could be your thyroid. Your doctor will do a blood test. If your tsh is high you probably have hypo throid. But be sure to ALSO ask to check for Antibodies, like peroxidias and thyroglobulin. Why? Because if they don't they will just give you thyroid hormone. That may not be the thing to do. Now, they are finding that MOST cases of hypothyroid are because of an AUTOIMMUNE dease called Hasimoto's Thryoiditis. If you have these antibodies, you have the desease. What happenes is, Your body attacks your thyroid and eventually it becomes useless. However, this process can go on for a long period of time, sometimes years - so using a hormone replacement renders the thyroid useless just alot faster. At least without thyroid replacement, there will be periods of time when the desease is in remission - in which case, the thyroid "kicks" back in - so to speak. It is possible, I beleive, to keep it in remission. However, it takes work and DISIPLINE. For example, when in a flare-up you will gain weight, hair will fall out while combing, you will feel tired, depressed, very low motivation. This is the time when people get checked and find out they are "hypo" and start taking a thyroid hormone. But STOP - During this time, (it may last several months, unfortunately) You have to do this - - if you smoke, you must STOP, you will notice the effects immediately! Second you must excercise, as horrible and hard to do as it may be, (you may experience muscle weakness and shorness of breath) but persist, do one hour a day of good aerobic, like a treadmill, or bike. Third - Salinium - a mineral- - has been proven to drastically reduce peroxidias antibodies in the blood. Take 400 mcg. per day, along with a high potency iron free multi mineral vitamin complex, and double the dose., Fourth - Get rid of red meat, milk, chicken. Since you wont loose weight, you can hardly eat at all, in fact, even with the excercise For like, months at a time, you can only eat apples, bananas, salad, baked potato, and protein bars, with at least 19 grams of protein per bar. South Beach Living is good because they have selenium as well. Also, 1000 mgs. of fish oil has also been proven to change the way peroxidias is "released" Something like this is very hard to do, but it works. You will be able to at least maintain your weight, and the good news, soon, your antibodies will go way down, and your thyroid will begin to kick back in. You may even experience periods of Hyperthyroid. Sixth - eat RAW oat bran with Rice Milk a big bowel a couple times a week - Hypo thyroid people are always constipated, this will totally take care of that problem, so will lettuce in the salad. After enduring this disipline, all of a sudden, your thyroid snaps back and you will be going to the bathroom without the aid of oat bran etc. and you will feel much better. But then they may want to Radio Iodine your thyroid off with 131 iodine! STOP dont do that yet, Because if it is in fact Hasimotos, (and usually is) it will go back to normal or hypo. There is a newer drug, to stop the body from attacking itself, its called CellCept. It used to be used for Transplant patients, but now is very usefull in Lupus, and other autoimmune deseases, without the side effects, well, less anyway. This should only be used as a last resort though, and only if it can be used for short term, or the desease is unmanageable and causing alot of pain. Another alternative is called Prednizone, steroid/immunosuppressent, Try to avoid this as well, bad side affects and weight gain. Unfortunately, most people with the previous mentioned thyroid antibodies, also have the ANA antibodies, wich is LUPUS, Fibromyalgia, and other arthritis. Which are all autoimmune deseases. You see, up till recently, Hypothyroid was treated right away with synthroid or another thyroid hormone, without question - Now, however, it has been discovered that it is an AutoImmune Desease, and as such, needs

  47. QUESTION:
    why are my breast sore after having unprotected sexy?
    I em 12 days away from my period i started to feel my breast sore 3 days after my last period n i still have sore breat can i be pregnant? I been trying to get pregnat with my husband i had a miscarriage about 2 months ago. A lso I been having cramps lately right after we had sex after my last period was over.

    • ANSWER:
      Hello, I found an article on the internet in regards to reasons for breast pain. I hope this information helps you with a few of your questions. Take care.

      •Hormones: It is seen that cyclic breast pain is linked to hormones. The hormonal changes during periods, pregnancy and after pregnancy play a major role in breast pain.

      •Retention of Water: During periods, breasts absorb extra fluid instead of discharging it.

      •Physical factors: Non-cyclic breast pain is caused due to breast cysts, trauma, breast surgery and other factors related to the breast.

      •Imbalance of Fatty Acids: The fatty acid imbalance affects the breast tissue cell sensitivity to hormone circulation.

      •Size of Breast: It is seen that heavy chested women suffer from non-cyclic breast pain. This breast pain is accompanied by neck pain, shoulder pain and back pain.

      •Medications: Oral contraceptives and infertility treatments also cause breast pain. Estrogen and progesterone hormone replacement therapy lead to breast tenderness. Intake of certain antidepressants may also be possible breast pain causes.

      •Infection: A possible microbial infection may lead to breast pain.

      •Other Causes: Hormone replacement therapy, weight gain, unfitting bras and tumors may be other breast pain causes.

      Source(s):
      http://www.buzzle.com/articles/breast-pa…

  48. QUESTION:
    Do unsaturated fats make you gain weight?
    What makes you gain more weight, saturated or unsaturated fat?

    • ANSWER:
      Studies have shown that some people can gain fat stores even on a semi starvation diet of 1000 calories a day - if it's composition is high carb, low fat. So obviously, calories aren't the key to fat loss.

      Fat won't make you fat (but a low fat, high carb diet can). Fat is essential to good health. (not including transfats) & supports a strong immune system & helps hormones to function properly. Fat tempers the devastating health effects of carbohydrates. Fat is needed to make the vitamins & minerals in your foods (like calcium & vit.D in milk or alpha and beta carotene and lycopene in vegs) bioavailable so they can be incorporated into the body structure. Most people do better with a higher level of fat than with less, even if the body is being fueled by carbs & not fat.

      The body can not release body fat stores until the bloodstream is clear of insulin. Carbs greater than 9grams per hour trigger insulin. Insulin is the only fat storage hormone. As healthy as fruit may be, fructose the sugar in most fruit is the most lipogenic (fat producing) carb.

      Plaque build up in the arteries is more attributable to carb consumption than dietary fats, which seems to be the conclusion of the following study. Carb consumption raises triglycerides & VLDL (bad cholesterol). Fats raise the HDL (good cholesterol). High triglyceride levels & low HDL levels are an indicator of plaque & glycation - the precursors to a heart attack & heart disease.

      study from the Oxford group examining the postprandial (after-eating) effects of a low-fat vs. low-carbohydrate diet. (Roberts R et al, 2008)

      Postprandial lipoproteins, you'd think, would be plentiful after ingesting a large quantity of fat, since fat must be absorbed via chylomicrons into the bloodstream. But it's carbohydrates that figure most prominently in determining the pattern and magnitude of postprandial triglycerides and lipoproteins. Much of this effect develops by way of de novo lipogenesis, the generation of new lipoproteins like VLDL after carbohydrate ingestion.

      http://heartscanblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/after-eating-effects-carbohydrates-vs.html

      7 Reasons to Eat More Saturated Fat

      1) Improved cardiovascular risk factors

      Saturated fat in the diet is the only means to reduce the levels of lipoprotein — that correlates strongly with risk for heart disease. Eating fats raises the level of HDL, the so-called good cholesterol.

      2) Stronger bones

      Saturated fat is required for calcium to be incorporated into bone - According to expert in human health, Mary Enig, Ph.D., as much as 50 percent of the fats in the diet should be saturated fats.

      3) Improved liver health

      Studies show that saturated fat encourages the liver cells to dump fat content. Saturated fat has been shown to protect the liver from toxic insults & even to reverse the damage.

      4) Healthy lungs

      The fat content of lung surfactant is 100 percent saturated fatty acids. Replacement of these critical fats by other types of fat makes faulty surfactant & potentially causes breathing difficulties, collapse of the airspaces & respiratory distress.

      5) Healthy brain

      Your brain is mainly made of fat & cholesterol. Most of the fatty acids in the brain are saturated. The brain needs saturated fats to function optimally.

      6) Proper nerve signaling

      Certain saturated fats, found in butter, lard, coconut oil, & palm oil, function directly as signaling messengers that influence the metabolism. Without the correct signals to tell the organs & glands what to do, the job gets done improperly.

      7) Strong immune system

      Saturated fats found in butter & coconut oil (myristic acid & lauric acid) play key roles in immune health. Loss of sufficient saturated fatty acids in the white blood cells hampers their ability to recognize & destroy foreign invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, & fungi. Myristic & lauric acid have potent germ-killing ability. We need dietary replenishment of them to keep the immune system vigilant against the development of cancerous cells & infectious invaders.

      http://www.fourhourworkweek.com/blog/2009/06/06/saturated-fat/

      http://www.lewrockwell.com/miller/miller33.1.html

  49. QUESTION:
    If I get my thyroid removed how much weight would I gain?
    My doctor says that my thyroid may be too big and I have to get an ultrasound for it today. She said if it's too big they'll most likely remove it and my mom said I'll gain weight if they do. I do NOT want to gain any weight but I was wondering how much weight is typically gained after ones thyroid is removed? Thanks/:

    • ANSWER:
      You need a second opinion because even if the thyroid is enlarged you should not get it removed unless your having issues with it being enlarged or if there is possible cancer.

      At all costs you want to avoid having it removed. Thyroid is a very important organ.

      The first thing your doctor should do is find out WHY your thyroid is enlarged do you have an autoimmune disease like Hashimoto or graves a simple blood test can tell this, do you have nodules an ultrasound can tell that OR do you have an iodine deficincy? Low Iodine can cause thyroid to grow large and even develop nodules IF this is the case taking SMALL amounts of iodine should help BUT if you have an Auto immune disease Iodine is bad for it! THEN your doctor should give thyroid hormones and bring TSH on the low end of normal range (normal range is .3-3.0) in most cases this keeps thyroid from getting any larger and sometimes even shrinks they thyroid. If it comes down to you needing it removed for more reasons than just it being large you will need to be on hormone replacements the rest of your life in order for your body to function. Try at all cases to keep your thyroid!!!!!

  50. QUESTION:
    Is it bad that I want to get a complete hysterectomy as soon as I legally can?
    I really DO NOT ever want kids. I never have wanted kids and I can't stand the idea of it. I hate getting periods too, but mostly I don't want the risk of pregnancy at all, so I really would want to get a hysterectomy.

    Is that a bad thing?

    • ANSWER:
      Doing that can cause a lot of damage to your body! Like pretty harmful stuff with just the surgery alone... In order to remove the uterus, they have to cut you open of course, then cut through muscle, then move your organs out of the way, then remove the uterus and sometimes the organs that get put back can have issues, they don't take any out, they just move them around. But they can do it laparoscopically http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2673000/
      or abdominally http://www.atlasofpelvicsurgery.com/5Uterus/10TotalAbdominalHysterectomy/chap5sec10.html

      I'm sorry if you don't like periods, nobody does haha but that's part of being a woman, if you don't wanna get pregnant, you can use multiple forms of birth control, but a hysterectomy can cause sooo much damage!

      Hysterectomies aren't usually performed on young women, even with older women its usually only used as a last resort for these conditions/issues: extremely heavy periods, fibroids, gynecological cancer, endometriosis and other rare conditions or cancers... Removing the uterus can actually lead to early menopause, lowered estrogen levels, and you may or may not need hormone replacement therapy.
      http://www.healthstatus.com/health_blog/wellness/the-pros-and-cons-of-hysterectomy/2/

      The hormone issues alone could cause all sorts of problems... Weight gain, mood swings, hot flashes...

      Here's another page: http://www.health.ny.gov/community/adults/women/hysterectomy/

      But just for your info, most doctors or really any doctors would never perform a hysterectomy on a young and healthy woman. It's not exactly a bad thing really, just kinda a radical decision...


does hormone replacement cause weight gain